Ecuadorian Traditional Festivals

Coya Raymi

In the Andean agricultural cycle the Coya Raymi Ritual, is a gratitude to the land and the veneration of the fertility (woman),the corn is the main elemento f the ceremony because it constitutes a symbol of fertility, it is the ideal moment to sow the seeds in the bowels of the Pachamama. The seed is fed and protected as the days go by it undergoes a transformation from death to life.

Coya Raymi in Otavalo

Fuente:(IsumaTV, 2010)

Kapak Raymi

The ritual of the new life, ancestrally celebrated in honor of the continuation of life, the seed has sprung from the belly of its mother full of life, because the influence of the sun, adding to that of the whole cosmos, renews life through the sedes plnated in the belly of the Earth, it was explicity dedicated to the new generations so the elders embellished future generations with gifts celebrating the ritual.

Kapak Raymi or festival of germination

Source: (ViajandoX, 2020)

Pawcar Raymi

At this time tender grains appear as flowers in nature, so the ceremonies are in honor of the sun and mother earth considered the time to be reborn and recreate the new secred fire (Mushuk Nina).

The ritual begins by turning off all the stoves fot three days to purify in a physical and spiritual way, the nigth before March 21, they remained in vigil until the first rays of the sun came out, they placed a metal bowl and a piece of wood inside of the cylindrical temples, so that with solar energy it will appropriate the new fire in a special ritual; The oldest of the community lit the fire that was distributed to the whole community who had to keep the fire until next year.

Protagonist seeds of Pawkar Raymi

Source: (Diario El Heraldo, 2019)

Inti Raymi

This ritual is performed as gratitude to the Pacha Mama (mother earth), for the kindness received in the harvest and to highlight the fecundity of Mother Earth and her Sun God, this Sacred Sun Festival originated in Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire, its significance continues transcendence ans spirituality, for this reason several communities attend the rivers and sacred waterfalls to perform the community ritual that aims at the spiritual purification of the human, the recovery of energy and the revitalization of the relationship with the Pachamama.

Inti Raymi ancestral celebration

Source: (Diario El Heraldo, 2020)

Mama Negra

This celebration is an act of gratitude to the Virgen de la Mercedes for having saved the population that 251 years ago lived in fear of the constant eruptions of the Cotopaxi volcano.

This celebration takes place at the end of September, on the 23rd and 24th, days in which the Catholic Church commemorates the Virgen de la Merced. The celebration consists of a parade of several colorful characters who make a comparsa through the steets of Latacunga.

The main character is a man whose fase is covered by a wooden mask in black, in his right hand he carries a “chisguete” full of a white liquid that represents the mother`s milk is thrown permanently to the presents and curious, in his another hand carries a small black doll named Baltasara who is the youngest daughter of the black breast. He rides a horse that is also adorned and directed by negro grooms and at his sides he has two children with their faces painted black, inside bags called panniers.

Mama Negra in Ecuador

Fuente: (Intriper, 2019)

The Corazas

The Coraza is a millenarian ritual festivity in the communities surrounding the San Rafael parish of Otavalo canton. It is traditionally performed in Holy Week (month of the first grains of the chakra) and in the month of August (rest month of the Pacha-mama).

The Coraza has embraced cultural factors imposed in its process of existence. In the ritual festival of El Coraza, the communities live the ancestral religiosity centered in the anual agricultural cycle of corn and supreme deities: Atsill-Pachakamak and Pacha-Mama, today represented in some images of Catholic saints such as Saint Louis and the Virgin Mary, syncretism of conceptions, which may well give rise to confusión, giving rise to a different Coraza that has a Andean soul and christian body.

Coraza is a being of respect

Fuente: (Runakay Otavalo, 2015)

Festivity of the guinea pig

It is celebrated in several communities, in which they dress with typical and eye-catching costumes their best guinea pigs for contests. The festival país tribute to the “Cuy”, which is an essential element both in daily life and in the ceremonial part of the indigenous peasant communities of the Ecuadorian Sierra.

In the medicinal área, through chants and rituals, guinea pigs are used to see the disease that affects the patient. Sometimes they serve as barter for food.

Guinea pig festival in Azogues

Fuente: (Diario El Espectador, 2015)

Kasama Tsachila

It is the most representative celebration for Tsachila nationality that in the Tsafiqui language “Kasa” means new and “ma” day, that is to say the beginning of a newday, a celebration that marks the beginningof a new year that coincides with the Saturday of Gloria for Catholics.

One night before the party, the Shamans complied with the rituals and cleaned the community, the tradition ended in the morning with a bath ritual in its rivers. In this celebration they perform dances, drink special drinks, organize lights demostrate their hunting and fishing skils, in certain cases they take the opportunity to make the hand.

Tsachilas prepare Kasama festivity

Fuente: (Diario El Universo, 2019)

Chonta Festival

Huaorani many daily tasks are executed indistinctly they have no male domination.

The chonta, is the sacred tree for the Huaorani since with it chicha de chontaduro is prepared and with its wood Spears (tapa) and blowpipes (omena) are made. During the hunt the elders imitate perfectly the voices of the animals of the jungle, then chase them and shoot them with the soaked darts in curare (natural sleep), hitting distances greater than 50 meters.

The only tradicional clothing of men is the komi which consists of a cotton thread tied over their limb that gives them strength and power, especially for inter-tribal wars and for hunting parties.

The Huaorani

Fuente: (El Cato.org, 2019)